Islands energy systems can be smaller and less interconnected, affecting energy availability, affordability and type. Expensive fossil fuel imports negatively affect economies and the environment. Many islands though have a wealth of renewable energy sources representing a great opportunity for exploring new developments in the management of high percentage renewable energy systems.
The activities on the lighthouse islands (Unije, Bornholm and Madeira) all have an energy dimension, and cover a broad spectrum of possible future solutions. From increasing renewable production; to exploring the synergies between different systems for example water and power, transport and power or heat and power; or looking to batteries, biofuels and electrolysis, and smart integrated management of production and demand right down to consumer level to solve problems created by high renewable penetration.